Transcranial Permanent magnet Stimulation (TMS)

MemoryВ " boosted” usingВ TranscranialВ MagneticВ StimulationВ (TMS)В ResearchersВ atВ NorthwesternВ UniversityВ claimВ toВ haveВ successfullyВ improvedВ memoryВ functionsВ throughВ theВ useВ ofВ transcranialВ magneticВ stimulationВ (TMS), В aВ noninvasiveВ techniqueВ usedВ toВ exciteВ orВ inhibitВ neuronsВ withinВ theВ humanВ brain. В PriorВ toВ testingВ theВ participants'В memoryВ abilities, В eachВ individual'sВ brainВ activityВ wasВ recordedВ duringВ anВ magneticВ resonanceВ imagingВ (MRI)В scanВ inВ orderВ forВ researchersВ toВ preciselyВ targetВ specificВ regionsВ ofВ theВ brainВ responsibleВ forВ memoryВ functions. В AfterВ mappingВ theВ participant'sВ brainВ structures, В theВ participantsВ underwentВ aВ preВ­В andВ postВ­memoryВ test. В TheВ preВ­memoryВ testВ wasВ usedВ toВ establishВ theВ baselineВ memoryВ abilityВ inВ eachВ participant. В InВ thisВ task, В participantsВ wereВ shownВ anВ imageВ ofВ aВ faceВ whileВ simultaneouslyВ hearingВ anВ unrelatedВ wordВ andВ wereВ askedВ toВ learnВ andВ rememberВ theВ wordВ­faceВ pairs. В ImmediatelyВ after, В theВ imagesВ wereВ againВ shownВ toВ theВ participantsВ asВ theyВ triedВ toВ recallВ theВ wordsВ associatedВ withВ theВ faces. В AfterВ completingВ theВ preВ­memoryВ test, В participantsВ thenВ underwentВ highВ frequencyВ repetitiveВ transcranialВ magneticВ stimulationВ throughВ aВ deviceВ hoveringВ justВ aboveВ theВ head, В whichВ inducedВ electricalВ activityВ inВ short, В frequentВ pulses. В TheВ stimulationВ sessionsВ lastedВ twentyВ minutesВ aВ dayВ forВ fiveВ consecutiveВ days. В AfterВ theВ finalВ stimulation, В eachВ participant'sВ memoryВ abilityВ wasВ testedВ againВ usingВ theВ sameВ faceВ­wordВ associationВ task. В

TheВ resultsВ unveiledВ thatВ 30%В fewerВ mistakesВ wereВ madeВ afterВ receivingВ theВ TMSВ treatment. В TheВ TMSВ successfullyВ betterВ " synchronized” theВ brainВ regionsВ beingВ studiedВ withВ neighboringВ regionsВ includingВ theВ hippocampus. В AfterВ oneВ week, В theВ experimentВ wasВ conductedВ yetВ againВ withВ aВ placeboВ device. В TheВ individualsВ inВ theВ experimentalВ groupВ wereВ thenВ switchedВ withВ thoseВ inВ theВ control. В ThoseВ inВ theВ controlВ groupВ shownВ zeroВ signsВ ofВ memoryВ improvement. В В...

Reported: Ciccarelli, В SaundraВ K., В andВ NolandВ J. В White. В PsychologyВ withВ DSMВ­5В Update. В 3rdВ ed. В N. s.: В

PearsonВ Custom, В 2014. В Print.

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